In junior college (grades 11 and 12 to those who don’t follow the British system), I had a subject called Logic. This was a completely new subject for everyone and not everyone was enamoured by it. But I loved it and loved it so much that at one point in time, I wanted to major in it. Then I learnt that Logic was part of a Philosophy major and so Logic and I parted ways because I had decided on two majors I had to choose to become my major. So when I heard that yesterday was World Logic Day, I could not help but write about this subject, which was once a favourite.
The ability to think is one of the most defining features of humankind. In different cultures, the definition of humanity is associated with concepts such as consciousness, knowledge and reason. According to the classic western tradition, human beings are defined as “rational” or “logical animals”. Logic, as the investigation on the principles of reasoning, has been studied by many civilizations throughout history and, since its earliest formulations, logic has played an important role in the development of philosophy and the sciences. World Logic Day intends to bring the intellectual history, conceptual significance and practical implications of logic to the attention of interdisciplinary science communities and the broader public
In the twenty-first century – indeed, now more than ever – the discipline of logic is a particularly timely one, utterly vital to our societies and economies. Computer science and information and communications technology, for example, are rooted in logical and algorithmic reasoning. Despite its undeniable relevance to the development of knowledge, sciences and technologies, there is little public awareness on the importance of logic. The proclamation of World Logic Day by UNESCO, in association with the International Council for Philosophy and Human Sciences (CIPSH), intends to bring the intellectual history, conceptual significance and practical implications of logic to the attention of interdisciplinary science communities and the broader public.
World Logic Day was initiated to encourage the development of logical research, to foster and strengthen interactions between people having interest for logic, to make better known logic among researchers of all fields on location as well as to make the work of logicians on location better known and lastly to develop, promote and make better known logic in the world. So why was January 14 selected as World Logic Day? This date is the date of the death of Kurt Gödel and the date of birth of Alfred Tarski, two of the most prominent logicians of the twentieth century. Other than this, according to the Julian calendar, which was the calendar promoted by Julius Cæsar, in use from 45 B.C. to 1582 A.D. and still in use in some locations, January 14 was considered to be New Year’s Day, hence an apt day to start the new year with logic and rationale.
A dynamic and global annual celebration of World Logic Day aims at fostering international cooperation, promoting the development of logic, in both research and teaching, supporting the activities of associations, universities and other institutions involved with logic, and enhancing public understanding of logic and its implications for science, technology and innovation. Furthermore, the celebration of World Logic Day can also contribute to the promotion of a culture of peace, dialogue and mutual understanding, based on the advancement of education and science. The Day was first commemorated in 2019 and this year’s celebrations are the third time the world will celebrate World Logic Day. Academic, logicians, philosophers and mathematicians worldwide would have celebrated this day yesterday and if you have not yet done so, you can still do it today!